The Internet infrastructure safety and stability have become one of the main themes of the Eastern European Forum / UADOM (EE DNS Forum / UADOM) held on December 1-2 in Kiev. The event was attended by 207 specialists from Ukraine, Belarus, Serbia, Russia, the Czech Republic and other countries. There were also more than 400 remote attendants of the forum.
While the major topic discussed last year was the threats to the Internet created by people, this year the attacks involving things were the focus. The so-called "Internet of Things" has not yet become commonplace in our lives, however, it already threatens the normal operation of telecommunications networks. The conference began with the workshops where Alexander Baranov, the head of the Center of Theoretical and Legal Issues of Information Area, Dave Piscitello, ICANN vice-president and Zoriana Dmytryshyna, representative of the Anti-Phishing Working Group talked about the current trends in the field of the Internet of Things and fighting the cybercrime.
The relationship between the development of the Internet of Things and the rise of cybercrime was showed by Mykola Koval, director and co-founder of CyS-CERT. In his presentation, which opened the domain name system security section he told about one of the largest DDoS-attacks – as powerful as 1Tb/s. The attack was carried out on October 21 this year using the Internet of Things, "with the help of misconfigured devices, and we already have plenty of them in Ukraine", – the expert said.
Dmitry Belyavsky, from TCI in his presentation noted the potential threat posed by the fact that the Domain Name System traffic is not protected from interception. According to him, in a few years there will be a request for confidentiality, leading to traffic encryption.
Just two presentations were focused on DNSSEC technologies. Alexandra Kulikova, ICANN Manager for Eastern Europe and Central Asia told about DNSSEC in the root zone and the transition in the near future to a new key signing key (KSK), and Olga Vasilevich from "Hosting Ukraine" shared doubts about the slow implementation of DNSSEC.
The first day of the conference ended with short presentations and a sharp debate about the impact of new technologies on the freedom in the Internet.
At the beginning of the second – the main – day of the conference David Olive, the senior vice-president of ICANN and Oleksandr Ryzhenko, the head of the State Agency for Electronic Control of Ukraine addressed the participants their welcoming speeches. Then George Sadowsky, ICANN board member told about the history of the Internet ecosystem and the challenges facing it. Michael Yakushev, ICANN vice-president for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, in his presentation focused the ICANN's regional strategy, and Oleg Levchenko, director of Hostmaster described the development the Internet ecosystem in Ukraine.
In the next section of the conference the experts returned to the topic of Internet of Things security. Who is responsible for the devices that surf the Internet and pose a threat to other Internet users; who will be obliged to compensate the corresponding damage: telecommunications operator, the owner of the device or the developer of the software installed in it? There is no single solution to this question. It is possible that some of these risks can be taken by insurance companies.
The section "Registries and Registrars" was devoted to the interaction between the market players in the process of delegation of domain names. Mukesh Chulani from ICANN presented Interesting data: in Europe, Middle East and Africa, there are 398 registries and 192 registrars accredited by ICANN (including 3 in Ukraine). At the same time Alexandr Olshansky, president of Imena.ua, one of the biggest Ukrainian registrars suggested that in the future the domain name delegation could take place without any registrars or registries. According to him, this will be possible due to the peering technology, which is used, among others, in bitcoin e-currency.
In the final, legal section of the forum, the experts from different countries spoke about the resolution of domain name disputes. The current practice in Ukraine was described by Alex Paputsya, the Smart Solutions lawyer and David Olive, the senior vice president of ICANN told about the global trends. ICANN vice president Michael Yakushev drew attention to the fact that the WHOIS service, which is now the main source of information for lawyers, was created for the technical purposes. Therefore, he said, the data in the WHOIS are not legally correct for the courts. A lack of information often complicates the judicial dispute resolution. In turn, the lawyer of the Kyiv Chamber of Commerce Maria Liskovich told about an alternative method of resolving disputes by means of mediation. According to her, in this case both parties to the dispute are interested in how to implement the solution found.
The conference became a platform for multilateral discussions where the experts with different, and sometimes opposite views expressed their opinions on the issues. The debates took place both in the conference hall and during the breaks.
The organizers of the event were Hostmaster – the sponsor and the top-level domain registry .UA and international corporation ICANN. The Ukrainian market players were also actively involved in preparation of the event. It was supported by the DSN registrar Imena.UA, one of the leaders of the Ukrainian market and the platinum sponsor of the forum. ORG.UA company that administers the public domain with the same name was the gold sponsor of the forum. Adamant company, the largest Ukrainian Internet providers was the general Internet partner and Interfax-Ukraine, the leading Ukrainian news agency was the general information partner of the event.
The presentations, the video of reports and photos will be in soon posted on the conference website eednsua.cctld.ua.